Periodontal Disease Types

Periodontal diseases – also known as gum diseases – are infections of the structures around the teeth. There are many different kinds of gum disease, all of which vary in symptoms and intensity. These include:

  • Gingivitis:This is the earliest manifestation of gum disease. While there is usually no pain or discomfort at this stage, bleeding, swollen or reddening can appear within the soft tissue of the gums.
  • Chronic Periodontitis: During this progression of gum disease, enzymes and toxins continue to irritate and inflame the soft tissue and start to cause gum recession. Both rapid and chronic tissue loss can also begin to loosen the periodontal ligament that keep teeth in place.
  • Aggressive Periodontitis: Telltale signs of aggressive periodontitis include a rapid loss of soft and hard tissue in the gums, either isolated in groups or across the entire gum line.
  • Periodontitis associated with systemic diseases: Some forms of gum disease can be signs of a disease affecting more than the mouth. Diabetes as well as certain rare blood or genetic diseases are linked with periodontal infections or decay.
  • Necrotizing Periodontal Disease: This is late-state gum disease, which manifests as the death of bone, dental and gum tissues. Painful lesions appear, along with bleeding or a necrotic smell. Tobacco use, stress or HIV infection can also exacerbate or accelerate necrotizing.

Dr. Christian Berdy and Dr. Cary Berdy work together to prevent and treat any phase of gum disease. To schedule an appointment with our dentists, call Berdy Dental Group’s Jacksonville office at 904-389-1376.