Types of Periodontal Diseases
There are many types of periodontal diseases and they can affect individuals of all ages from children to seniors.
G ingivitisis is the mildest form of periodontal disease and causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. There is little to no discomfort at this stage and it is reversible with professional treatment and good home oral care.
C hronic periodontitis results in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth and progressive loss of tissue attachment and bone. Progression of attachment loss usually occurs slowly, but periods of rapid progression can occur. It is prevalent in adults, but can occur at any age and is the most frequently occurring form of periodontitis.
A ggressive periodontitis
is a highly destructive form of periodontal disease that occurs in patients who are otherwise clinically healthy. This disease may occur in localized or generalized patterns and can include rapid loss of tissue attachment and destruction of bone.
P eriodontitis as a manifestation of systemic diseases. This form of periodontitis is associated with one of several systemic diseases, such as diabetes. Patients who have rare but specified blood diseases or genetic disorders frequently show signs of periodontal diseases.
N ecrotizing Periodontal Diseases are infections characterized by necrosis (death) of gingival tissues, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. These lesions are most commonly associated with pain, bleeding, and a foul odor. Contributing factors can include emotional stress, tobacco use, and HIV infection.